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Relaxation Therapy on Prefrontal Cortex Activity in Relation to Psychological and Biological Variables

Published Date : 05-Dec-2014

Abstract

Apprehension of test affects the working memory of the brain which is processed at the prefrontal cortex area. If the person develops test anxiety, the brain power becomes low and it is exhibited on the performance of the test. For better cognitive performance relaxation must be necessary for humans. In this present study Relaxation therapy was used to reduce test anxiety among school level students. Quasi-Experimental design with pre test and post test (without control group) was used for the study. Initially Stratified Random Sampling Technique was adopted for samples selection. Out of 112 average learners five students were selected randomly with the mean age of 16.2?0.84 years. Out of 40 above average learners, highly test anxious five students with the mean age of 16.2?1.64 years were selected for the experiment. Pre test values were measured on test anxiety, working memory and pre frontal cortex area of the brain using Electroencephalogram and after five minutes their heart rate was also recorded using electrocardiogram. Test Anxiety Inventory by Charles D. Spielberger (1980) was used in order to measure the attitude towards test of average and above average learners and working memory scores were noted by using the working memory scale developed by Nithiya Amirtham .S and Saraladevi .K (2013). Relaxation therapy as an intervention programme was given to average and above average learners separately for one month. At the end of the intervention programme all the above mentioned tests were taken during post test while doing relaxation therapy. Prefrontal asymmetry of the samples is interpreted with the emotional states. Relaxed mental state can smooth the cognitive functions and it can be interpreted with the possibility of structural changes in prefrontal cortex. It is concluded that Relaxation therapy is beneficial for reduction in worry, test anxiety and improving the working memory functioning by increasing the prefrontal cortex brain power in both the groups.